Topic outline

  • 1. Introduction

    The Criminal Justice Act 2003 (CJA 2003) provides for the establishment of Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) in each of the 42 criminal justice areas in England and Wales.  These are designed to protect the public, including previous victims of crime, from serious harm by sexual and violent offenders.  They require the local criminal justice agencies and other bodies dealing with offenders to work together in partnership in dealing with these offenders. 

    Further information can be found at the MAPPA website.

    • 2. The MAPPA Operation in Northumbria

      2.1 Principles Underpinning MAPPA

      • Managing risks in a multi-agency way and also managing risk at the lowest level possible;
      • Ensuring that all "relevant offenders" are assessed and risk managed;
      • Making "defensible decisions" in regard to level of risk management.

      • 2.2 MAPPA Framework

        • Identification of offenders;
        • Sharing of relevant information;
        • Assessment of the risk of serious harm;
        • Management of that risk.

        • 2.3 Identification of Relevant Offenders

          Those offenders subject to MAPPA fall into the following categories:

          • Category 1: Registered sexual offender as specified under Part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003;
          • Category 2: Violent Offenders and Other Sexual Offenders:                                                                                                                                                                                    

          (a) an offender convicted (or found not guilty by reason of insanity or to be unfit to stand trial and to have done the act charged) of murder or an offence specified under Schedule 15 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (CJA 2003) who received a qualifying sentence or disposal for that offence (see paragraph 6.6 Parts A & B)         

                          or                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

          (b) an offender subject to a Disqualification Order for an offence listed under Schedule 4 of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 (see paragraph 6.6 Part C); 

          • Category 3: Other dangerous offenders: a person who has been cautioned, reprimanded, warned or convicted of an offence which indicates that he or she is capable of causing serious harm and requires multi-agency management at level 2 or 3.  The offence might not be one specified in Schedule 15 of the CJA 2003.  
          • 2.4 Referrals into MAPPA

            Where any agency identifies an offender not automatically included in MAPPA, whose behaviour is giving cause for concern in terms of public protection, that agency should gather information, and based upon a risk assessment, make a referral into MAPPA using the MAPPA Referral Form.  Click for the MAPPA Referral Form this should be sent to the Northumbria MAPPA Unit via secure email.

            The Responsible Person in an organisation (or a member of staff, under their direction) should, as part of the safeguarding process, consider if there is a need to make a referral to MAPPA. The Responsible Person / staff member should contact Northumbria MAPPA Unit if they are unsure about making a referral or if they require further information.

            • 3. Potentially Dangerous Persons System

              Northumbria has established the Potentially Dangerous Persons process into which individuals considered to be dangerous can be referred, in circumstances where they do not qualify for inclusion in MAPPA, e.g. the individual does not have a conviction or does not have a "relevant" conviction.

              The Potentially Dangerous Persons process is coordinated by Northumbria Police and deals with individuals without convictions or offenders without "relevant" convictions whose behaviour is causing concern in terms of public protection.


              • 3.1 Referrals into Potentially Dangerous Persons

                • Individual is identified by any agency as someone who may be at risk of causing serious harm to the public, completion of the MAPPA Referral Form is required (MAPPA Referral Form also covers notification of Potentially Dangerous Persons);
                • MAPPA Referral Form completed;
                • MAPPA Referral Form to be emailed to the Northumbria MAPPA Unit via secure email.

                The Responsible Person in an organisation (or a member of staff, under their direction) should, as part of the safeguarding process, consider whether there is a need to make a referral to Potentially Dangerous Persons.

                It may be the case, that an alleged perpetrator in the safeguarding process is also part of the MAPPA or Potentially Dangerous Persons system. If this is the case, it is imperative that the Responsible Person / staff member liaises with the MAPPA Coordinator in terms of sharing of information and to ensure the effective co-ordination of the two processes together.

                The Responsible Person can contact the MAPPA Coordinator for any advice or information about Potentially Dangerous Persons referrals.

                MAPPA Guidance has been produced for the Northumbria Area and a copy can be obtained by contacting the Northumbria MAPPA Unit.